Complete Guide For Solar Power Quebec 2019
Congratulations! You’ve found the ultimate guide for going solar in Quebec!
Quebec is currently ranked the #11 province in the country for installing a solar power system, scoring as one of the worst provinces for incentives, financing options, and for having low electricity prices.
This page contains all available information about installing solar in Quebec including solar incentives, regional geography, electrical utilities, and access to solar, as of 2019.
You can read from top to bottom, or skip to your preferred section by clicking on it below:
Overall Solar Rating
We’ve ranked Quebec as being Canada’s eleventh-best province for solar power in 2019. Quebec scores lower than most provinces because of low electricity costs and an absence of incentive programs. However, Quebec does receive decent amounts of sunlight and has access to high-quality installers.
Curious to see how and why we rank the provinces the way we do? Check out the Solar Rankings Page to find out more.
Basic System Information
When thinking about solar power, the first questions that often come to a person’s mind are:
- “How big does my solar system need to be?”
- “Can I completely offset my electricity usage?”
- “How much will it cost?”
This section is intended to answer these basic questions before going into the details about installing solar in Quebec.
Sizing Your System
Determining the size of system you need is as simple as knowing how much energy you use during the course of a year. Your monthly Québec Hydro Bill will show your usage (in kWh) similar to the photo below:
You’ll need to figure out how much energy you use in a year by adding up the amount shown for 12 consecutive months. Note that taking one month and multiplying by 12 won’t work because energy use fluctuates depending on the season.
After you know how much energy you use, you can easily calculate the size of the solar power system that you’ll need by using the following equation:
Size of system needed (in kW) = yearly energy use (in kWh) / 1,183h
(where 1,183h equals the annual average equivalent of full sunlight hours in Quebec)
So let’s pretend you added up your hydro bills and determined that you use 10,000kWh over the course of a year, you would then do the above calculation and determine that you need a 8.45kW solar panel system!
10,000kWh / 1,183h = 8.45kW
Now that you know the size of your system, you’ll want to determine the best place to put it. Most residential homeowners in Quebec put the solar panels on their roof, while most rural homeowners put them on the roof of their house, shop, or on the ground in their yard.
If you’re putting solar panels on your roof, you should know:
- A south facing roof is best, east and west facing are good, north facing is just OK
- Output on panels are guaranteed for 25 years, so you may need to replace your shingles (or entire roof) before installing
- If you’re concerned about snow, know that roof mounted panels are harder to clean off
- Your roof’s pitch (slope) is not the most optimal angle for solar production
If you’re putting solar panels on the ground, you should know:
- These systems are more expensive upfront due to piling requirements, mounting materials, and power line trenching…
- … But are cheaper in the long term because they are more efficient (see next point)
- They can be easily placed to avoid shading, to the optimal direction (south), and to the optimal angle (~45°)
- Systems can be much larger than roof mounted ones
Cost of Installation
The last piece of basic information that you’ll want to know is an approximation of how much your system will cost. To calculate this you’ll need to know the size of the system you plan to install (see the previous section).
The rough calculation is simple. Just take the size of your system and multiply it by the $2.74/Watt (the average cost of installing a solar system in Quebec). Using the example from the sizing section, we can see that a 8.45kW system would cost approximately $23,153 to install.
System cost = size needed x cost per installed watt
= 8,450Watts x $2.74/Watt
Please note that the exact price of the system depends on several factors including the system size, the quality of equipment used, and the complexity of the job. Even the range in the chart above is just for the average – installation prices can easily go as high as $3.50/Watt for premium equipment installed by the highest quality installers.
Major Program: Energy Transition Quebec
Expiring: Not States
Quebec has a variety of incentive programs available for energy efficiency, but unfortunately, the large solar incentive has recently expired. This section briefly covers the energy incentives available to homeowners. A more in-depth explanation of each can be found on the Quebec Incentives Page.
Solar Rebates & Tax Credits
As mentioned, the largest solar incentive in the country is (the RenoVert Tax Credit) has recently expired.
Other Energy Incentives
However, Quebec has a number of other incentives & rebates available to homeowners:
- Renoclimate Program
- For Quebec residents
- Incentives for insulation, air sealing, ENERGY STAR, geothermal, and more.
- Novoclimate Homes Program
- For new home buyers
- Rebate of up to $4,000 for energy efficient home purchases
- Econologis Program
- For low income residents
- Various free energy products and services
- Utility Incentives
Businesses can now use the Federal Tax Provision for Clean Energy Equipment to fully expense their solar system. This means a CCA rate of 100% and the abolishment of the first year rule.
Remember, energyhub.org also has a special solar incentive. It’s not huge, but it’s easy to claim – just send us a picture of your installation or purchase agreement with one of our certified energy installers. Full details on the energyhub.org Cash Incentive Page.
Production Efficiency: 1183kWh/kW/yr
Average Energy Use: 20.8MWh/yr
In terms of available natural resources and homeowner energy demand, Quebec scores in the middle for its potential to install solar. This section briefly covers the amount of sunlight that Quebec receives (solar irradiation) as well as energy demand from homeowners.
Quebec has the fourth highest potential to produce solar energy in all of Canada, receiving more solar irradiation than any other province or territory except for in the prairies, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba.
According to data from National Resources Canada, the average solar system in Quebec can produce 1183kWh of electricity per kW of solar panels per year.
Here is how much an average solar system can produce each month, as well as the solar irradiation potential map for Quebec:
This yearly average decreases as you move north in the province and increases as you move south. For example:
- A 1kW solar system in Quebec City would produce about 1,139kWh/yr
- A 1kW solar system in Montreal would produce about 1,194 kWh/yr
- A 1kW solar system in Laval would produce about 1,199 kWh/yr
- A 1kW solar system in Gatineau would produce about 1,103 kWh/yr
- A 1kW solar system in Longue-Pointe-de-Mingan would produce 1,278 kWh/yr
Total Energy Demand
According to the Canada Energy Regulator, Quebec uses approximately 10.8MWh of electricity per person, per year (including industrial and transportation demand)! And although only a small portion of this is used within the household, the number still demonstrates a strong need for energy generation and energy efficiency technologies.
In sum, the energy generated from an average-sized solar system can produce enough energy to offset your home’s yearly energy usage
Variable Costs: $0.06/kWh
Fixed Costs: $12/mo
Setup Fees: Interconnection
Key Policy: Met Metering
Quebec is one of the worst provinces in the country to switch to solar power in terms of utility related factors. This section covers how the costs of electricity as well as solar setup fees affect of the feasibility of solar in Quebec.
Variable Electricity Costs
Variable electricity rates determine the maximal amount of money that can be saved by switching to solar – ie. they represent the portion of your hydro bill that goes to zero when you don’t use any energy. Thus the super low rates in Quebec ($0.06/Watt) means that the average homeowner has very little to save.
Fixed Electricity Costs
On the other hand, fixed electricity costs are not so good because they don’t disappear even if you switch to solar power – you’ll pay them as long as you remain connected to the grid. However, this isn’t necessarily a bad thing – $12/mo is a small price to pay for using the grid as your energy back-up and virtual energy storage device!
The only way to completely remove your fixed costs is to go off the grid, something most homeowners don’t do due to the large price and maintenance costs of battery storage. Plus, disconnecting from the grid means you won’t be able to participate in a net metering program.
Net Metering Policy
Net Metering is one of the most important policy mechanisms that makes solar a feasible energy generation option. Net Metering essentially means that you can send the excess energy that you produce (during the day the summer) back to the electricity grid and earn credits for that energy at the same retail rate that you buy it for.
These credits can then be used to offset your energy usage during times when your solar system doesn’t produce as much energy as is needed (during the night and winter). Without this mechanism, you would need to purchase an extremely costly set of batteries.
Hydro Quebec’s Net Metering Regulation allows for systems up to 20kW in size to be connected to the grid for net metering, however it’s very important to note that credits in Quebec expire on March 31st every two years, thus you’ll want to work closely with your installer to make sure your system perfectly matches your energy usage.
Solar Setup Fees
Hydro Quebec’s Net Metering Regulation that you’ll need to pay $400 for an interconnection study if you want to connect a solar system to the grid, but you do not need to pay for a bi-directional meter. This is similar to the Northwest Territories and the Yukon.
Access To Solar
Upfront Cost: $2.74/Watt
Installer Access: High
A completely new section to this year’s Quebec solar guide, Access to Solar explores the major accessibility factors in the province.
Cost of Installation
The upfront cost of installation is obviously one of the largest factors that determines whether or not a person is going to switch to solar. The current prices in Quebec range from $2.20-$3.20 with the average price being somewhere around $2.74.
The price changes depending on a variety of factors:
- The size of system required (larger systems are cheaper on a per Watt basis)
- The complexity and/or specific requirements of the job
- The type and quality of equipment used
- The quality of the installation company
Remember, you can easily calculate the total estimated cost of your system in the Basics Section at the top of this page.
In general, aiming for the cheapest price shouldn’t be your goal. Remember that the energy output on solar equipment is guaranteed for 25 years, so you want to make sure that your installation job is good enough to support that. You’ll also want to be sure that the company you choose will be around in 5 to 10 years from now in case you need service or warranty work done.
Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) is an innovative financing option that allows you to cover the entire upfront cost of your solar system (or energy efficiency upgrades) with a $0 down, long amortization period, low interest ‘loan’.
However, unlike a typical loan, this loan is attached to your property (not you) and is paid back alongside your property tax bill as a Clean Energy Improvement Tax. The only eligibility is that you need to own a certain percentage of your home.
Unfortunately, Quebec does not currently have a PACE program.
Other Financing Options
Obviously though, PACE is not the only way to finance a solar system. Systems can be financed by cash, bank loans, installer financing, home equity loans, a home equity line of credit, a mortgage (for new builds), or through energy loans.
Several options exist for Quebec homeowners:
- RBC Energy Saver Loan (energy loan)
- Up to 10 years amortization
- RBC contact number: 1-800-769-2511
- TD Bank (various options)
- TD contact number: 1-866-389-8888
- CMHC Mortgage Loan Premium Rebate
Access to Installers
The final category that we ranked for this year’s Quebec solar guide is the access to reputable and high-quality solar installers. And fortunately, Quebec has no shortage of them.
Solar Power Quebec: Summary
Because of Quebec’s lack of incentives and low energy prices – we rank Quebec as being the #11 best province in the country for switching to solar power.
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